children 18 months – 3 years

General motor and bilateral development

  1. Using large pillows and cardboard boxes make steps to climb or descend, or slides to roll down.
  2. Make a bridge to walk across, as skill improves, make the bridge narrower.
  3. Provide a small wagon to push or pull.
  4. Play in a car that is large enough to sit in and push with feet.
  5. Play wheelbarrow. Hold the child’s legs while they walk on their hands.
  6. Have your child kick a ball towards you.
  7. Place a ladder on the ground, and then have your child walk between the rungs.
  8. Jump on a trampoline.
  9. Let your child use a mixing bowl, with one hand holding the bowl, and the other hand mixing.

Visual focusing

  1. Find objects in a picture book, or a toy catalogue.
  2. Shape puzzles with geometric shapes, animals’ etc.
  3. Match large picture cards. Hold card 1.5 metres away from your child, and have them find the same one from an array in front of them.
  4. On a trip to the supermarket, let your child find the objects you are looking for. Make sure they have a narrow field of search.

Visual tracking

  1. Provide large assorted wooden beads for stringing. Let them create their own design or copy yours.
  2. Sort three different shapes. Place three cups in a horizontal row in front of the child. Ask your child to place buttons in the first, marbles in the
    second, pegs in the third etc.
  3. Line up the pegs in a horizontal row before the child, from left to right.
  4. Roll a large ball slowly across the child’s view. Roll another ball and have them try to hit it.
  5. Roll a ball to knock down milk cartons.

Visual/motor co-ordination, eyes with hand, foot or body

  1. Provide large Lego blocks and a set of large wooden nuts and bolts.
  2. Let him/her cut out pictures to make his/her own book of familiar people and objects.
  3. Ride a tricycle.
  4. Slap a floating balloon, trying to stop it from hitting the ground.
  5. Provide jigsaw puzzles, consisting at first of three or four pieces then more pieces or smaller pieces as skill improves.
  6. Make a maze to navigate with a toy car or wagon.
  7. Provide paint and paper for finger painting. Also crayons and plenty of paper for drawing. A chalkboard and chalk is also very good.
  8. Provide modelling clay. At times let the child’s imagination run free, at other times suggest a design.
  9. Have your child copy a circle, then make it into a face or a balloon.

Binocular vision

  1. Place coins in a coin box or piggy bank.
  2. Line up rows of objects.
  3. Roll a ball towards your child. Have them try to trap the ball in a large box.
  4. Help feed Dad, putting food in Dad’s mouth.

Size, shape and spatial concepts

  1. Put possessions away in their correct places.
  2. Use picture books depicting things they have seen in various sizes and shapes.
  3. String beads according to size and shape.

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